This article idea came to mind after discussing with one of my readers. His questions looked like this:

    “I’ve heard I need about a million dollars to generate a $40,000 income at retirement”


    There are lots of rules of thumb surrounding retirement. You need to generate 70% of your job income at retirement. You should consider a 4% withdraw rate. You should invest differently (safer investments) now that you are retired. You should always save at least 10% of your income to retire happy. The average rate of return of a stock portfolio should be 8-10%. Which ones of these rules are right or wrong?


    In my opinion; they are all wrong. Why? Because none of them applies to everybody. Back to my readers question; do you need a million bucks to retire?


    Yes & No


    Yes; if you have a million bucks saved and you withdraw 4% each year ($40,000), chances are you will be able to withdraw forever. However, the real question is: is $40,000 is enough to support your lifestyle and how are you going to deal with inflation? $40,000 today may be enough to support your lifestyle, but 20 years from now, you may need $60,000-$70,000 to support the same lifestyle. How does this translate in your retirement plan? Will the million dollars support it?


    No; You don’t need a million dollar to generate $40,000 in retirement income. If you have $800,000 generating a 4% dividend yield, you get your $40,000. Over time, building an 800K portfolio paying a 4% dividend yield is fairly reasonable. Many stocks pay around 3 to 3.50% right now and will increase their payout fast enough to reach 4% in a few years.


    One more point to consider is you might want to benefit from all those years of saving money and spend more along the way. After all, it’s your money. Therefore, you can take money from your capital and decrease your 800K or $1M nest egg. I don’t advise you take all your money out of your account and start living like a villain. I think the right move to make when you do know how much you can withdraw would be to get a financial plan from… a financial planner!


    Here’s How Dividend Investing Can Help You


    As opposed to many other way of investing, dividend investing seems to be the one that is the most aligned with a retiree’s way of living. Once you retire, you can’t count on that comfortable bi-weekly paycheck to pay the bills. You can’t really count on the amount of Gov’t pension you will receive to sustain your lifestyle (unless you like ramen noodles for lunch and spam for dinner!).


    If you are super lucky, you will have a fully funded pension plan from a big company (or by the government!). But it isn’t likely to be the case as most companies are cutting down on their generous pension plans and leaning toward a contribution defined pension plan. Meaning that you have to save money in a retirement account and your employer helps you with an additional contribution. However, once you leave, you get “your doggy bag” and you are in control. You can spend as much as you want but once the bag is empty, you can’t go back to your employer to ask for more.


    The most reliable source of income for an investor is the dividends paid. It’s better than the interest on bonds for two reasons; most bonds pay every 6 months and the interest paid is fully taxed in a non-registered account. On the other hand, you can find dividend stocks paying out quarterly or even monthly. You can create a dividend calendar and manage your portfolio to hold enough stocks to receive dividend payments each month from one company or another.


    If you are able to live on the dividend distribution only, dividend investing will also protect your lifestyle from inflation. Most dividend stocks I pick increase their dividend by 5% or more each year. Inflation should be around 2 – 2.25% for the upcoming years. The dividend increase will not only cover inflation but will actually increase your buying power.


    What is your next step?


    If you are about to leave for retirement and you have never invested in dividend stocks before, you need help to get started. You can deal with a financial planner that will help you with a detailed plan for retirement. You will either have to pay slightly over $1,000 for this plan with a fee only planner (this means he won’t sell you anything) or you can go with a regular financial planner for a free plan but he will want you to buy funds with him (everybody has to make a living, right?).


    The other option you have is to start on your own. This is one of the reasons I’ve created Dividend Stocks Rocks; to help retirees managing their portfolio. We now have 12 real life portfolios to help you build yours along with stock lists and an exclusive ranking system. The bi-weekly newsletter is exactly what you need to keep on top of everything and without having to worry about potential crashes.


    Back to Our Question – How Much Do You Need to Retire?


    As you can see, the answer is not universal; I know people that have retired and project total revenue in the range of $24K-$30K per year. They live simply, have no debts and don’t need more to be happy. Others will need over $50K annually before considering retirement. It’s all about knowing how much you need.


    One thing is for sure, you have to consider living up to 90-95. In my opinion, out surviving your savings is probably the worst case scenario you can have as a retiree. In order to reach 95 with enough money in your bank account, you will probably need to retire around 67-70 and have around $1M in savings. But it doesn’t have to be $1M in cash in an investment account; it could be a combination of many things; a pension plan, a rental property or even your own property (if free of debts) so you can sell your assets and continue to live your retirement dream.


    My personal plan is to retire around the age of 55, maybe 60. I’ll have a pension plan that will jump in at the age of 65 and in between, I count on my retirement account (dividend investing!) to sustain my lifestyle. I expect to have around 450K at the age of 60 in my RRSP account along with a fully paid house and pension plan. Therefore, at the age of 60, I will have over $1M in value (my pension plan alone will be close to $800K at that time), so I can retire comfortably.


    Have you ever thought on how much do you need to retire? What’s your magic number?

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  • This week, I’ve wrote a huge piece about high dividend yield stocks vs dividend growth stocks. This 2,000+ words piece got lots of attention and I’m already at 30 comments!


    I’ve also wrote a guest post at Retire Happy; Dividend Investing to Retire on Passive Income.


    Here are some other great reads for the weekend:

    I’ve discovered another dividend blog! Dividend & Whisky (two great passions ;-)). He recently bought LMT and MCD.

    Gross profitability and Dividend aristocrats @ Sure Dividend

    Working toward financial freedom @ My Own Advisor

    Key points for beginners investors @ Million Dollar Journey

    Passive Income Earner talks about my favorite selling tool: limit orders

    A little exposure to high yield goes along the way @ Dividend Mantra (did I tell you I dislike high dividend stocks? Haha!)


    Stock Analysis:

    Hershey (HSY) @ Dividend Growth Investor

    Helmerich & Payne (HP) @ Dividend Growth Stock Investing

    HCP Incorporated (HCP) @ Dividend Ladder

    National Bank (NA) @ Dividend Engineering


    Enjoy your weekend!


    4 Comments   |   Read more >


    The market is too high, it has to go down…


    I bet you have heard this more than a few times recently. Some investment gurus came out of their tombs and are back with their favorite REM song: “This is the End of the World as we Know it”. They had to hide for a few years after telling the world that 2008 marked the death of capitalism. Six year after the biggest financial crisis, it seems it was just like a bad dream and everything is back on track. But some people will tell you it’s impossible for the market to go up forever. They are right, there will be corrections, but it doesn’t mean the system will collapse this time.


    Are We Really Paying Too Much for Stocks?


    This is the right question you should ask yourself; are you paying too much for your next trade? I recently increased my position in Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) even if the current P/E ratio was over 19.


    Truth is if I had waited a few weeks, I could have bought it a few dollars cheaper (the stock lost 5% in 5 days after posting great financial results). But that’s easy to say when you are playing Monday morning quarterback on your trades.


    The real truth is Johnson & Johnson is a great company. The dividend will continue to rise in the upcoming years and the stock will continue to show growth. New drugs will be marketed and profits will continue to grow. This is why there isn’t a perfect time to buy JNJ, but there is a perfect trade to make: buying the darn stock.


    I don’t mind the exact timing of my trade for that reason: I focus on buying a company that will grow in the future. The price may be slightly high, but I don’t mind because it will continue to rise. Waiting for the perfect dip never served me. If you have a technique for that, please let me know.

    How About the Market Average P/E Ratio?


    Now back to our gurus saying the market will crash because it is overvalued. I like when I read such things as I always wonder where they get the numbers to back their prophecies (if they back it up with anything at all!).

    The following chart shows you the average P/E ratio of the S&P500 according to two important economic metrics: the strength of USD and the strength of inflation.


    Average P/E Ratio

      Low Inflation High Inflation
    Weak USD 15.2 13.6
    Strong USD 16.4 13.9


    As you can see, the moment where stocks are at their peak in terms of valuation is when there is a strong dollar and a low inflation. Does that ring a bell? The USD is getting stronger as its economic environment improves. Inflation is still very low and under control. Therefore, the historical average of the S&P 500 PE Ratio should be around 16.4. We currently show a P/E ratio of 15.7. What does this tell me? There is still room for the market to grow!


    What I like even more is the fact that the market has been up this year not because we have changed PE multiples, but because companies make more profit now that they were making a year ago.


    This is exactly what we are looking for: companies increasing their sales and increasing their profits.


    This is why I’m buying more JNJ and this is why I’m 100% invested; because I believe the company I own in my portfolio will continue to generate profits.


    When you look at the overall P/E ratio valuation, most bubbles burst when the S&P 500 reaches high levels of 20 to 22. We are definitely far away from that. And if it ever goes to this level, I’ll be the first to tell you ;-). In the meantime, I’ll keep buying… and buying… and buying…

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